Diphtheria – Parents are seeking exemptions from Diphtheria shots.
Most people don’t think about Diphtheria nowadays. It has been stamped out in the United States, largely because of vaccines.
A growing number of parents are seeking exemptions so their children don’t have to get this vaccination and others required by most states for kids to attend school.
Here’s a rundown of the diseases the most commonly required vaccines help prevent:
— Polio, a paralyzing, sometimes deadly disease once seen in terrifying outbreaks, now only occurring in a few developing countries.
— Measles, a once common illness that causes a rash and in rare cases can be fatal. In recent years, fewer than 100 cases were seen, but at least double that number has appeared in the U.S. this year.
— Mumps, a usually mild disease known for swelling the salivary glands, sometimes leading to more severe complications like deafness or miscarriage. Nearly 2,500 cases were reported last year.
— Rubella, or German measles, which causes a rash but can trigger birth defects if acquired by a pregnant woman. Only a handful of cases are reported in the U.S. each year.
— Pertussis, or whooping cough, a highly contagious disease that can cause violent coughing in children. Nearly 20,000 cases were reported in 2010, an unusually bad year with several infant deaths.
— Tetanus, or lockjaw, that can cause tightening of the muscles that prevents a victim from swallowing. Only a couple of dozen cases have been seen in the U.S. in recent years.
— Diphtheria, a bacterial illness that can lead to neck swelling and even death. Kids are at the greatest risk, but no confirmed case has been reported in the U.S. since 2003.
— Hepatitis B, a viral infection that attacks the liver and can lead to liver failure or death. About 2,700 cases were reported last year.