Health specialists around the world are being warned about a super drug-resistant form of gonorrhea with information on spotting the disease and taking steps to stop its spread, according to the World Health Organization.
The agency is raising awareness of the disease and encouraging researchers to find a cure by launching a “global action plan” initiative.
“This organism has basically been developing resistance against every medication we’ve thrown at it,” Dr. Manjula Lusti-Narasimhan, a scientist in the WHO’s department of sexually transmitted diseases told The Associated Press.
She added that in a couple of years, the bacterium will no longer respond to treatment with cephalosporin antibiotics, the drugs currently used to treat gonorrhea.
Cases of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea have so far been identified in Japan, United Kingdom, Australia, France, Sweden and Norway, the AP reported, but it’s likely that there are undetected cases in other countries.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned about the rising rate of drug-resistant gonorrhea in an editorial published in the New England Journal of Medicine back in February. So far, there have been no reports of any cases of gonorrhea resistant to cephalosporins in the U.S., the agency says on its website, but it does have a surveillance system in place.
“There is much to do, and the threat of untreatable gonorrhea is emerging rapidly,” the authors wrote.
In 2006, the prevalence of resistance to cephalosporins was about 0.1 percent, but by the middle of 2011, that number rose to 1.7 percent, the authors said. CDC’s first warnings about drug resistance came in 2010.
In many cases, there are no symptoms of gonorrhea, so an infected person can spread the disease without even knowing he or she has it.