Pompeii restored homes from the ancient Roman city can now be seen after being buried beneath magma. Pompeii received a facelift after being buried under volcanic ash following an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, according to WYFF 4.
The restored homes was officially unveiled to the public by the Italian government. Pompeii original bathhouses and mosaic tiles can now be seen after a long process that was started by local authorities and the European Commission in 2012.
As part of the partnership, 150 million Euros were contributed towards the building project at the UNESCO World Heritage near Naples, as well as building a new drainage system. Buildings that remained following the volcanic eruption provide a glimpse at life during the early days of the Roman Empire, but flooding, tourism and neglect resulted in the site’s deterioration over the past few years.
The Pompeii restored homes from the ancient Roman city comes after the ruins had been decaying and collapsing. Some criticized Italy for failing to properly care for the site.
Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi officially unveiled six restored homes that were occupied by the upper class and wealthy freedmen in ancient Rome. Among the buildings that were repaired were the Fullonica di Stephanus, the Casa di Paquius Proculus and the Casa del Criptoportico.
The Fullonica di Stephanus was one of the more highly anticipated restorations. This structure was a specially designed laundry that featured large baths used to wash dirty tunics, a basin used to dye fabrics, a press for ironing and even a place to store urine, which was collected from public toilets and used as an ancient stain remover.
A state of emergency was declared at Pompeii in 2008, and just two years later, the House of Gladiators collapsed. In 2012, a Unesco report found that little work had been done to protect or restore the site, and recent years have been marked by union disputes and a lack of maintenance at the historic city.
In announcing the completion of the domus restorations, Renzi seemed optimistic, telling reporters, “We made news with the collapses, now we are making news with restoration.” Antonio Irlando, President of Cultural Heritage Observer, explained that the houses were “of extraordinary importance, because they show a very original and particular cross section of life during ancient Pompeii.”
This weekend marked the reopening of the Villa of Mysteries after two years worth of careful Pompeii restored homes from the ancient Roman city. Lasers and ultrasound and thermal imagery were used to analyze the frescoes and their level of deterioration. Painstaking restorations returned the darkened images to their original vibrant tones, reversing damage caused by historic preservation measures that applied wax to the paintings.