Europa Lake – Europa, a moon of Jupiter, could have lakes of liquid water. New research suggests that they could be buried in the icy crust. The processes that creates them could also provide nutrients crucial for life on the Jupiter moon, according to the study.
Mysterious depressions and domes on Jupiter’s ice-encrusted moon may signal the presence of subsurface pools, at least one of which holds enough water to fill the American Great Lakes. The finding, if confirmed, could be a boost for those who speculate that simple forms of life could exist on the moon.Â
For several decades, scientists have known that an ocean of liquid water exists beneath Europa’s crust of ice. But some research suggests that its ice shell could be miles thick. The subsurface lakes described by NASA scientists Wednesday, however, appear to exist within that icy mantle, meaning they would beÂ at a far shallower depth than the underlying ocean.
Moreover, they could be part of a planetary dumb-waiter system that transfers potential nutrients from the surface to the subsurface ocean, the team suggests. That transfer of nutrients could be crucial to any potential life on the moon. With liquid water, it already has one necessary ingredient for life. That has made itÂ “a compelling object for study for decades,” says Tori Hoehler, an astrobiologist at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., who was not part of the research team.
But another requirement for life, he adds, is a source of energy, a.k.a. food. The moon’s upper crust is rich in compounds that could be a food source, but the potential nutrients would need a system to deliver them to the ocean deep below. The mechanism that forms the subsurface source — involving rising plumes of heat — could provide that service, the team suggests.
If the team is right, “you’ve moved from a system that checks [off] one of the requirements for life to a system that checks two requirements for life,” Dr. Hoehler says.
The results, set for publication in Thursday’s issue of the journal Nature, grew out of an attempt to explain two different areas within Europa’s “chaos terrain” — a landscape of jumbled surface features visible in images from the Voyager and Galileo spacecraft.