HIV: AIDS Breakthrough Study

While there is no cure for AIDS, a new health study found a breakthrough that can reduce HIV cases by 52 percent.

AIDS breakthrough study looks promising for HIV patients. While there is no cure for AIDS, a new health study found a possible breakthrough for HIV. AIDS patients are being treated with antiretroviral therapy that has reduced new HIV cases by 52 percent.

Breakthrough studies and research have been discovered in prior years, but this one looks promising. HIV subjects that were treated are living longer with the fatal and incurable disease, but they can also limit the spread of the HIV virus. This treatment is called highly active antiretroviral therapy or HAART.

Since 1996, the number of new HIV diagnoses has fallen by 52 percent in the Canadian province of British Columbia most likely due to the introduction of the treatment plan for HIV patients. The study also found that the rates of other sexually transmitted diseases went up, which suggest that it was the AIDS drugs, and not other confounding factors such as condom use or less sexual activity.

Their findings were that for every 100 patients placed on HAART new HIV diagnoses fell by 3 percent, suggesting that this type of treatment could significantly reduce the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. “Experiences such as those reported today should be strongly considered by clinicians, national and international agencies, (and) policymakers,” Franco Maggiolo and Sebastiano Leone of the Division of Infectious Diseases, Ospedali Riuniti in Italy, said in a joint statement. “HAART might play an important part in the future control of the HIV epidemic.”

About 33 million people are living with HIV/AIDS worldwide and about 25 million people have died of AIDS since 1981. There is no cure or vaccine, but the drugs can help the patient’s health. Without treatment, the virus destroys the immune system, leaving patients susceptible to infections and cancer.

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