Hebrew Oldest Script Jerusalem Found

Oldest script was found in Jerusalem clay fragment.

Oldest script Jerusalem dates back to 14th Century BC. Jerusalem researchers at the Hebrew University found a clay fragment with the oldest script ever discovered. The oldest script predates the King David time period in Jerusalem.

This newly discovered clay fragment dates back to the 14th century B.C., it predates the next-oldest example of writing found in Jerusalem by 600 years. It is dated roughly four centuries before the Bible says King David ruled a Jewish kingdom from the city. The most ancient known written record previously found in Jerusalem was the tablet found in the Shiloah water tunnel in the City of David area during the 8th-century BC reign of King Hezekiah. That tablet was celebrating the completion of the tunnel. It is now in an Istanbul museum.

“The 2-centimeter long fragment bears an ancient form of writing known as Akkadian wedge script,” Eilat Mazar of Hebrew University said in a statement. The fragment includes a partial text including the words “you,” “them,” and “later.”

“The fragment likely came from a royal court and suggested more could be found in the most ancient part of Jerusalem, located in the city’s predominantly Palestinian eastern sector,” Mazar said.

Wayne Horowitz, who helped decipher the script stated, The symbols themselves are not significant, but what is interesting is the script is of a very high level, which means it was written by a highly skilled scribe who, in all likelihood, prepared tablets for the royal household of the time.”

The tiny fragment measures two centimeters by 2.8 cm and is covered with cuneiform script. This is the earliest known form of writing in the world. The clay chip is a key find, which indicates the importance of the city in the Bronze Age, around 1 400 BC, researchers at Jerusalem’s Hebrew University stated. It was discovered during an excavation in an area just south of the walls of the Old City in Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem.