A Titanosaur has been discovered in Argentina, which may be the heaviest creature ever to walk the earth. Paleontologists found the fossilized remains of the Titanosaur in the Patagonia region.
The dinosaur was a long-necked, long-tailed sauropod that walked on four legs and lived during the Cretaceous Period, approximately 95 million years ago.
Jose Luis Carballido, a paleontologist at the Egidio Feruglio Museum in Trelew, Argentina, said in a statement Friday that a Titanosaur weighed around 100 tons, or “the equivalent of more than 14 African elephants.
“This is a true paleontological treasure,” Carbadillo’s statement continued. “There are many remains and they were practically intact, something that does not frequently happen.”
The Titanosaur bones are among 200 fossils at the site in Patagonia’s Chubut province, approximately 800 miles south of Buenos Aires. The site was accidentally discovered in 2011 by a farm worker. Experts believe that the remains of seven dinosaurs and the broken teeth of carnivores are among those at the site.
Titanosaurs had small heads, even when compared with other dinosaurs. The head was also wide, similar to the heads of Camarasaurus and Brachiosaurus but more elongated. Their nostrils were large and they all had crests formed by these nasal bones.
Their necks were of average length and their tails were whip-like, but not as long as in the diplodocids. While the pelvis was slimmer than some dinosaurs, the chest area was much wider, giving them a uniquely “wide-gauged” stance. As a result, the fossilized trackways of Titanosaurs are distinctly broader than other dinosaurs.
Their forelimbs were also stocky, and often longer than their hind limbs. Their back bones were solid, which may be a throwback to more primitive saurischians.
From skin impressions found with the fossils, it has been determined that the skin were armored with a small mosaic of small, bead-like scales around a larger scale.