New Moore Island has been sinking for 30 years. However, the island itself, known as New Moore, is no more. In fact, it’s now completely submerged under water.
Scientists used satellite imagery to prove their point. Moreover, sea patrols have confirmed that New Moore Island has sunk. Now the Global Warming experts say it’s because of Climate Change.
However, the fact is, the island has been sinking dramatically during the past decade. Global Warming experts claim that the sea level is rising in accordance with rising temperatures. The island is about two square miles.
The island itself could be the first of many islands to soon disappear. Reports say that around 10 other islands are at risk of being submerged by rising waters. It is either caused by rising sea levels or the island itself might be sinking in mud.
Bangladesh And India Fought Over The Land For Many Years
The land is actually named South Talpatti Island in Bangladesh. However, India called it “New Moore Island” because it was uninhabited. The land emerged in the Bay of Bengal in the aftermath of the Bhola cyclone in 1970.
Its sovereignty was disputed between Bangladesh and India for years until the island became submerged. There was never any permanent settlement on the land. The emergence of the island was first discovered by an American satellite in 1974.
The satellite image showed the island to have an area of 27,000 square-feet. Later, various remote sensing surveys showed that the island had expanded gradually to an area of about 110,000 square-feet at low tide. The highest elevation had never exceeded two meters above sea level.
The island was claimed by both Bangladesh and India. Neither country established any permanent settlement because of the island’s geological instability. India had reportedly hoisted the Indian flag on the territory in 1981 and established a temporary base of Border Security Forces.
According to the Radcliffe Award, the “mid-channel flow” principle or “Thalweg Doctrine” is generally recognized as the international boundary on river borders between the two countries. The middle line of the mid-channel flow of the Hariabhanga River established the original boundary between the states. There was no eventual determination of the its boundary.
There was no available conclusive evidence as to which side of the territory the main channel flowed. It may have changed over time given shifting silt of the Sunderbans delta. A 1981 detailed survey favored India.
However, the Bangladeshi government claims that data provided clearly showed that the land belonged to Bangladesh. The location of the channel in 1947 may be more relevant than its later location. River channels often shift their locations from time to time.